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Tools for Verification
Looking for some basic tools to help you verify, cross-check, and compare content you see online to avoid spreading fake news? Here are a few basic open access resources to get you started:
FactCheck.org fact-checks claims made by presidents, members of Congress, presidential candidates, and other members of the political arena by reviewing TV ads, debates, speeches, interviews, and news releases.
PolitiFact: Fact-checking US politics
Politifact fact-checks claims by politicians at the federal, state, and local level, as well as political parties, PACs, and advocacy groups and ates the accuracy of these claims on its Truth-O-Meter.
Snopes.com was originally founded to uncover rumors that had begun cropping up in chain emails and message boards and is now highly regarded for its fact-checking.
Verification Handbook: An ultimate guideline on digital age sourcing
Handbook is a step by step guide for verifying digital content initially created for reporters and emergency responders.
Verify Webpage History
Internet Wayback Machine
Web archive that captures websites over time and can be used to verify content history and edits.
Check Author's Credentials
A professional networking website where you can look up the authors of articles and books to see if they're credible.
Found an image you think may have been manipulated or photo-shopped? Use these tools to check for any digital changes:
Identify parts of an image that may have been modified or photoshopped.
Google Reverse Image Search
Upload or use a URL image to check the content history or to see similar images on the web.
Google Street View
Identifying the location of a suspicious photo or video is a crucial part of the verification process.
TinEye Reverse Image Search
Upload or enter an image URL to the search bar and see a list of related sites. Has plug-ins for your browser.
Crowd-sourced version of Google Maps, featuring additional information.
Click on the black arrow to open the chat in a new window.
If we're not online, please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Please allow 1-2 business days for a response.
Alicia Vaandering, 2/2017
Evaluating a Report
Online tools can be helpful, but nothing is more important than developing your own ability to think critically about news and information sources. Still unsure of what questions you should ask when evaluating a news report? The Indiana University East Campus Library has provided an excellent example of how to evaluate a news claim from an online source. In the example below, see how the IUE Campus Library evaluated a claim that the earth is hollow.
IFLA. (2017). How to spot fake news [Online image]. Retrieved from http://blogs.ifla.org/lpa/2017/01/27/alternative-facts-and-fake-news-verifiability-in-the-information-society/
Indiana University East Campus Library. (2017). Let's check a claim. Retrieved from http://iue.libguides.com/fakenews/claim
William H. Hannon Library. (2017). Tools for verifying. Retrieved from http://libguides.lmu.edu/c.php?g=595781&p=4121899
WNYC. (2013). Breaking news consumer's handbook: Fake news edition [Online image]. Retrieved from http://www.wnyc.org/story/breaking-news-consumers-handbook-pdf/
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