This is a guide to sources of industry ratios and averages and to materials that explain how to calculate and interpret these numbers. Composite financial data, such as industry ratios and averages, are generally used to compare one company’s performance to that of an industry as a whole.
For books and other information on ratios, search the URI Libraries Search using the Library of Congress Subject Heading RATIO ANALYSIS. For periodical articles about ratios, search the Database ProQuest One Business using the Subject Term RATIOS and narrower terms such as RATIO ANALYSIS, FINANCIAL RATIOS, and OPERATIONAL RATIOS.
This guide was originally created by Andrew S. Turyn 6/1980. Revised by John B. Etchingham/S. Carlisle 6/1983;
John B. Etchingham 5/1987; Andrée Rathemacher 5/1997, 9/1998, 9/2003, 11/2003, 5/2004.
Updated and reformatted by Madge Boldt 11/2011. Ida D. McGhee 12/2012. Andrée Rathemacher 4/2013.
Updated by Mark Matook 3/2018
Updated by Chris Cassaday, 10/2022
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.