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News Literacy & Alternative Facts: How to Be a Responsible Information Consumer

Feeling overwhelmed by unreliable news and information? The library is here to help!

Learn the Lingo

The Digital Learning Center: Center for News Literacy put together a glossary of key news terms that include accountability, bias, hostile media effect, news driver, and more.  Use the link below to check out their guide and learn about these important concepts.

Avoid a Filter Bubble

Are your news sources diverse? How do you encounter viewpoints different from your own? Can you listen and try to understand the other side?

If the answer is no, you may be in a filter bubble!

What is a "filter bubble"?

Source: William H. Hannon Library. (2017). What is a filter bubble?

Learn More About Your Filter Bubble

Use the following resources to find out more about confirmation bias and your filter bubble.

Library Databases

Use the University of Rhode Island University Libraries databases to find news from reputable sources. Here are some good starting places.

Tips for Finding Reliable News

What to do:




1. Read, watch, and listen very widely.


2. See the list below for some generally reliable sources that are mostly open access resources.  *Note that some sites have limits on the number of articles you can freely access per month.

3. Recognize that even typically reliable sources, whether mainstream or alternative, corporate or nonprofit, rely on particular media frames to report stories.  They select stories based on different notions of newsworthiness.

4. Be critical of the sources you share and engage with on social media.

What to avoid:

1. Fake, false, and regularly misleading sites that evoke an emotional response by using distorted headlines and decontextualized or dubious information in order to generate likes, shares, or profits. Examples:

2. Websites that may circulate misleading and/or potentially unreliable information.  Examples:

3. Websites that use clickbait-y headlines and social media descriptions.  Examples:

4. Purposefully fake satire/comedy sites that can offer critical commentary on politics and society but have the potential to be shared as actual/literal news.  Examples:

Source: Pace University. (2016). Tips.

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Created By:

Alicia Vaandering, 2/2017

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.